Psychologist breaks down how to spot a sexual predator

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  • More than 30 women have come forward to announce that Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted them
  • Here, we've outlined eight characteristics that most sexual predators have
  • Among them are possessiveness and the tendency to be manipulative 

By Vanessa Chalmers For Healthista

Published: 11:16 EDT, 12 October 2017 | Updated: 18:36 EDT, 12 October 2017

Cara Delevinge, a 25-year-old British model and actress, is among the latest stars in a series of sexual harassment allegations against Harvey Weinstein, claiming he attempted to kiss her and coerce her into having a threesome in a hotel room.

In an Instagram post, Cara explained she 'felt very powerless and scared' in the situation but managed to escape.

The 65-year-old film producer has been sacked from The Weinstein Company, which he co-founded, following a string of more than 30 accusations, which include rapes that date back decades.

Gwyneth Paltrow, Angelina Jolie, Asia Argento, Ashley Judd, Rose McGowan, Rosanna Arquette and many more are among the celebrities who have come forward, and Ambra Battilana Gutierrez, an Italian model, even recorded the mogul confessing to groping her in a undercover operation with the New York Police two years ago.

More than 20 women have come forward to tell their stories of how Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted them. Weinstein is pictured here in May at the Cannes film festival
More than 20 women have come forward to tell their stories of how Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted them. Weinstein is pictured here in May at the Cannes film festival

More than 20 women have come forward to tell their stories of how Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted them. Weinstein is pictured here in May at the Cannes film festival

The allegations over the past week were prompted after an exposé in the New York Times on October 5 revealed at least eight settlements have been made with women in the past three decades.

Whilst Weinstein 'unequivocally denied' any non-consensual sex, he said, 'I appreciate the way I've behaved with colleagues in the past has caused a lot of pain, and I sincerely apologize for it,' whilst he reportedly has escaped to sex addiction rehab.

His wife, Georgina Chapman, co-founder of Marchesa Designs has left him, describing his actions as 'unforgivable'.

Considering recent events, it is timely to uncover just who a sexual predator is, in both straight and same sex relationships.

HOW TO SPOT A SEXUAL PREDATOR

'They can wield a lot of control and power,' says therapist Leonie Adamson who has 10 years clinical practice who specializes in sexual abuse.

'But the most interesting thing to consider is why they don't stand out from the crowd. Often people will talk about them being creepy or lecherous, but without any substantive information, there is no real proof.

'Some people will know only too well what they are capable of, such as the celebrities that have come forward about Harvey Weinstein, but won't want to 'rock the boat', perhaps fearful of any repercussions this may have on them.'

'I have counseled many women who have experienced sexual trauma. They have been emotionally scarred, lost their sense of identity, and live with the experience every single day', says Leonie.

'It starts with the cycle of abuse and very quickly becomes a nightmare, from which there is no escape. Using words and actions, the predator will undermine her every move, dictate every thought and in the end, he will have ultimate power and control over her everyday life.

'In many cases, victims weren't believed, and this has caused them further distress. In some cases, they have come from abusive families themselves and their sense of self-worth is so low, that they feel they deserve to be treated badly.

'However, because the sexual predator flourishes in silence and covert behavior, the mask must be uncovered to help free victims from this abuse. Their voices must be heard and respected. Always.'

1. HE'S REALLY ATTENTIVE IN THE EARLY STAGES

In the initial stages of the relationship, the perpetrator will be very attentive. Lots of calls and texts which seem quite innocent. This does not mean that they are a predator, but if it continues and intensifies then they are worrying signs.

This is how the perpetrator begins to build the process of dependency of the victim. They will be very much the answer to their dreams, a knight in shining armor, and would certainly never hurt them.

They are being protected, loved, respected and are the focus of the predator. This is the beginning of the grooming process. The perpetrator will use their loyalty, and vulnerability against them at a later stage.

2. HE USES MANIPULATIVE LANGUAGE

The element of gaslighting will be slow but carefully introduced, whereby the predator will mock the victim on her clothes, friends, or anything else which doesn't meet his expectation.

When the victim challenges the predator (in the early stages), he will lie, twist the information, make her feel like she is the bad person, state how hurt he is, and that he doesn't deserve this kind of treatment. After all he has been so good to her.

In the end, emotionally exhausted, and feeling very stressed she will relent and accept that it was all her fault and apologize. This shows the predator that he can control and manipulate her, without any fear that she may challenge him.

Actress Angelina Jolie, pictured here at a premiere in September, is one of the women claiming Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted her
Actress Angelina Jolie, pictured here at a premiere in September, is one of the women claiming Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted her

Actress Angelina Jolie, pictured here at a premiere in September, is one of the women claiming Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted her

3. HE MAKES IT SEEM NORMAL

The victim has now normalized the behavior and feels that perhaps this is what she deserves.

This cycle of abuse has now begun, the initial honeymoon period is over, the uncomfortable feeling that something was wrong is now clearer and the 'explosion' where the predator makes his move is now a reality.

This pattern will start with emotional and psychological abuse and ultimately include sexual abuse.

4. HE PLAYS THE VICTIM

There’s a real sense of grandiose behavior associated with this kind of man. Never taking responsibility and always playing the victim. This kind of cool indifference is very similar to narcissism, but again not all narcissists are sexual predators.

They will use coercive control to get the victim to play the deadly game of cat and mouse and will always blame her for what goes wrong, or if she refuses will degrade her in whatever way he feels is necessary to teach her a lesson.

Women who have experienced sexual abuse as a child are perhaps more vulnerable to this type of grooming and will be re-traumatized as a result.

Actress and model Cara Delevingne, pictured here in September, announced via Instagram that Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted her
Actress and model Cara Delevingne, pictured here in September, announced via Instagram that Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted her

Actress and model Cara Delevingne, pictured here in September, announced via Instagram that Harvey Weinstein sexually assaulted her

5. HE RIDICULES HER

A sexual predator will have no consideration for her thoughts and feelings, instead focusing on himself. He will be making sexual comments to her, commenting on her performance, isolating her insecurities to use as bait later.

Needing to know every detail about her past experiences is also an indicator. The predator can then ridicule her using degrading language to her and using words that insult and belittle her.

6. HE PUSHES HER BOUNDARIES SEXUALLY

He will have no respect for healthy boundaries, always needing to push you to carry out tasks which are not comfortable for you. He’ll get a huge kick out of this, and is likely to be vigilant in his approach, regardless of the victims fear and anxiety.

There could be suggestions of risky sexual behavior, in which the victim engages with other men and the predator watches.

He will then use this to blackmail her later, and this is the start of the cruel aspect of the behavior, where the victim will feel totally humiliated and trapped in the relationship.

SEXUAL ASSAULT: THE FACTS

The CDC defines sexual assault in the US as a 'significant problem'.

About one-fifth of women in the US are assaulted at some point in their lives, along with about one in every 71 men.

About 37 percent of female rape victims are first raped between ages 18 to 24.

The CDC has said that, within the US, the assault is usually carried out by men and typically the victims know their predators.

The agency has outlined a four step approach to the addressing sexual assault cases:

1. Outline the problem

2. Identify protective and risk factors

3. Create prevention strategies

4. Assure widepsread adoption 

7. HE DISEMPOWERS HER

All the while he will be assuring the victim that the behaviors are okay, and that he loves her. He will try to normalize her distress and tell her that she has done it before and will again. That people now know that she is promiscuous and that she is lucky that he stays with her.

All feeding into the destruction of her confidence, which will disempower her. Overwhelmed and lonely, she has no family to talk to, and he will have isolated her from any friends who could have helped.

They were a threat to him, they could have seen behind his mask, and influenced her. So, they had to be eradicated sooner rather than later.

8. HE SECRETLY BOASTS ABOUT HIS CONQUESTS

Finally, a sexual predator will boast of his conquests and make the victim feel less of a woman as he describes his other relationships. Reliving the relationship, and knowing he is causing distress, he needs a reaction to fuel his game.

He will have no concept of what is appropriate if he is not inconvenienced in any way. He will be a different person to the outside world, which just negates anything she says about him - his mask never slips.

WHAT NOW?

Should you feel that you have been or are in a relationship with a sexual predator, please don’t be afraid to speak up. Seek support from relevant organizations such as Women’s Aid, Refuge and Rape Crisis Centres who will keep the information in a confidential manner.

Websites such as rightsofwomen.org.uk and womenshealth.gov can help you negotiate the law and your rights in coming forward. Talk openly, it will be difficult as it's very personal.

But it’s the first step to coming to terms with this abusive relationship and the start of the healing process.

Making sure you have a safety plan in place is vitally important if the relationship is still ongoing. Predators are very in tune to any subtle changes in the relationship, and will know if something has changed in the relationship dynamic.

Gather as much information as possible, and consider using legal provisions, as the predator will not want to accept the relationship is over and may increase his campaign accordingly.

Make note of any correspondence from the predator, but do not reply to it. Remember that this is not your fault and you can be free of the predator. Be consistent, strong and have your voice respected.

Leonie Adamson is a therapist on the Dr Julian App, which has been set up to improve accessibility to counseling support. You can book and have appointments with qualified counselors such as Leonie (£60 or about $79 per hour) via secure video link from the comfort of your home.

Download the app onto your iPhone/iPad via the Apple Store.

Leonie has worked with organizations such as Women’s Aid and Rape Crisis with vast experience in domestic violence, stalking and abusive relationships.

This article was originally published by Healthista

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Larry White
By Larry White 12/10/2017 18:36:00